Quick Facts

General Facts:

  • 1 kilogram of hydrogen = approximately 1 gallon of gasoline in energy value.
  • The amount of industrial hydrogen the United States currently produces per year could power 20 to 30 million cars or 5 to 8 million homes.
  • Hydrogen accounts for 90 percent of the universe by weight.
  • Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, nontoxic gas, which is lighter than air.

 

Bus:

  • When used in conjunction with a fuel cell, hydrogen can produce electricity for transportation with zero emissions at the point of use.
  • Deployment of fuel cell buses will demonstrate progress towards commercialization, build the fuelling infrastructure and provide an international venue to prove out the viability of sustainable transportation solutions developed in British Columbia.

 

H2 ice vehicles:

  • Natural gas vehicles today can be upgraded to operate on a blend of hydrogen and natural gases.
  • Like hydrogen, natural gas is a gaseous fuel requiring storage, transport and delivery technologies that are very different from liquid fuels.

 

Benefits:

  • Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies are positioned to enable a clean and sustainable global energy system.
  • In 2003, the hydrogen and fuel cell industry employed about 2,700 people in Canada.
  • British Columbia has the largest growing business and technology cluster in hydrogen and fuel cells.
  • In recent years, more than $290 million was spent on research and development alone.
  • Fuel Cells Canada has successfully delivered nine demonstration projects worth over $15 million, in cooperation with Western Economic Diversification.
  • Fuel Cells Canada is currently delivering three comprehensive demonstration projects in conjunction with Natural Resources Canada: The Hydrogen Highway, Vancouver Fuel Cell Vehicle Program and the Hydrogen Village.
  • Fuel Cells Canada members have been involved in nearly 300 hydrogen and fuel cell demonstration projects globally.
  • Fuel cells produce low or zero emissions.
  • Fuel cells are highly efficient at converting fuel to electrical energy. Plus, the heat produced as a by-product of that conversion process can be used to generate even more energy or for area heating.
  • Fuel cells are quiet, making them suitable for residential areas.
  • A high power density means fuel cells are relatively compact.
  • While fuel cell systems usually have some moving parts, actual fuel cells have no moving parts, making them more reliable, and less costly to maintain than power sources that do.
  • Fuel cells can be powered by hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of sources, including fossil fuels, natural gas, methanol, and various renewable energy sources.

 

Science:

  • Hydrogen is an energy carrier, like electricity, and may be used to store the energy produced from renewable sources until it is needed.
  • A fuel cell is an energy conversion device: it takes hydrogen gas and produces electricity and water using a catalyst and a membrane.
  • An electrolyser passes an electric current through water to produce hydrogen gas.